Munich: Eight years ago, BMW was one of the first to sell a battery-powered car – i3 with a lightweight carbon fiber body and an aluminum chassis.

Recently, however, the German company, known for its luxury cars and the “ultimate driving machines”, has entered the world race to develop the next generation of electric vehicles.

Unlike General Motors or Volvo, BMW did not set a date to bury the engine. Unlike Volkswagen, it did not sell all-purpose vehicles designed to run on batteries. While other car executives are optimistic about the future of electricity, BMW CEO Oliver Zipse has criticized EU plans to ban gasoline and diesel engines by 2035.

“I’m a little worried about BMW,” said Peter Wells, director of the Automotive Industry Research Center at Cardiff Business School in Wales. Regarding the full alignment of electric vehicles, he said, “They were very ambiguous.”

BMW’s view of electric vehicle delays helps explain why investors are moving away from the company’s shares, which fell after the company reported a net profit of 4.8 billion euros ($ 5.7 billion) this month. BMW shares have fallen 18 percent since the beginning of June.

At the BMW headquarters in Munich, executives said they would confirm the allegations in the coming months. In the fall, BMW will start selling battery-powered sports equipment in Europe, the IX. He will arrive in the United States early next year. Instead of replacing a gasoline or diesel car, the iX will be the first BMW to be designed around battery power.

“You may not have seen that much, but we have been working hard,” BMW design director Adrian Van Huydenk said at the company’s show in Munich.

BMW executives say the IX is committed to the power of electricity to lose its rivals only at the Bradodosio level. They cite an independent research center in Munich, where BMW is developing its own battery technology. BMW says that from 2025 onwards, it will be a special set of components that support the electric vehicle family, which, in their view, will be the beginning of the market.

BMW exemplifies the difficult calculations that car manufacturers have to go through as the industry shifts to electricity. It takes four or five years to design a new car, build a factory, and set up a supplier network. Car executives have to spend billions of dollars on what they want and what technology is available after half a decade.

Wealthy and environmentally conscious people do not know what electric vehicles are popular as the market expands early adopters. Looking for car designs that show a break from the past? Or do they want electric cars that look and work like the ones they are used to?

It’s too early to say. Sales of electric vehicles are growing rapidly, but remain below 4 percent of the total market in the United States. The market is dominated by Tesla, which will be built in Berlin. Tesla Model 3 is the best-selling electric car in Western Europe, with plug-in vehicles accounting for 17 percent of new car sales or one million vehicles in the first half of the year, according to Schmidt Automotive Research in Berlin.

A.D. BMW, which began production in 2013, was an early marketer. The carbon-fiber component on the aluminum chassis won design awards, but it was expensive to manufacture. Many people were reluctant to pay more than $ 40,000, primarily for those who could travel only 80 miles. Later models have upgraded batteries and can run more than 150 miles between charges.

BMW continued to produce I3 and sold about 210,000 since 2013, but ended selling in the United States in July. BMW executives have rejected the idea that i3 was wrong, and have learned important lessons about electric vehicle technology, such as how to make more efficient engines.

“This would not be possible without i3,” said Frank Webber, a BMW board member responsible for the development.

It took eight years for BMW to monitor i3 because executives realized they needed a car that could travel more than 600 km or 370 miles, said Mr Van Hudodonk. “By iX, we are now,” he said.

BMW is buying batteries from suppliers such as Volkswagen and Deller, BMW Northwest from Sweden and CATL from China, which are building their own battery factories with partners. Like its rivals, BMW is developing its own technology. At the Munich Research Center, the car is looking for safe, easy and more energy-efficient chemical recipes per kilogram. According to BMW specifications, suppliers build batteries.

The center’s laboratories are equipped with an electron microscope, and they are equipped with an electron microscope that allows them to observe the molecules in the battery cells as they charge and release. There is a BMW fire extinguisher on the sidewalk to prevent batteries from overheating.

BMW is advising suppliers on how to produce more efficiently. At the center of the research center, they placed three composite egg yolks that looked authentic. They were an integral part of the battery – later part of an experiment to see the efficiency of graphite, which was used to create painted and dried electrodes on a thin copper coating.

“We will challenge the suppliers,” said Martin Schuster, vice president of BMW in charge of battery development. Otherwise we will find what is on the shelf.

IX Shortly after the arrival of European merchants in the fall, BMW began selling high-powered soda I4. According to a short test trip in Munich, the i4 has a type of head-pull that can provide electricity. But he shared i4 units with BMW models with diesel engines, a feature that attracted critics.

By 2025, BMW’s strategy will be to sell battery power as an alternative to all major models. Initially, most electric BMWs are adapted to their internal combustion relatives.

Analysts are skeptical that such conversions could be compared to cars that have been designed to be electric and can take full advantage of battery power. Electric cars have smaller engines and transmissions than conventional vehicles, which can free up space for passengers and cargo.

“BMW is taking a conventional car and converting it into an electric vehicle,” says Ferdinand Dudenhofer, founder of the Automotive Research Center in Dawsburg, Germany. “There are always agreements.”

By 2025, BMW plans to build vehicles on the platform – parts that can be shared by many different models – optimized for battery power. That is the year when many analysts believe that electric cars will be cheaper to buy than gasoline models, and sales will rise.

If so, the BMW schedule may be perfect.

So far, the market has moved faster than forecasts. Sales of electric vehicles increased during the epidemic in Europe. In the United States, the Binden administration is pushing for electric vehicles this month as it plans to increase sales of electric cars by 50 percent by 2030.

BMW is not even considered by critics. “They are great engineers,” said Mr. Wells of Cardiff Business School. If they want to, they can.