Electric cars are mostly like standard cars. You step on the pedal on the right and the car goes, you turn the wheel and the car spins, and the only real difference is what kind of fuel goes into it. We always say things like that. But if we are completely honest, that is usually true. The only difference is that 99% is what kind of fuel goes into the car, but this last 1% needs to be clarified.

To that end, we have opened a new section called “Electric Car Frequently Asked Questions” that answers the 1% question. Today’s question is: EVs all use the same plug?

EV FAQs ፡ ሁሉም Do all EVs use the same plug?

Even if you do not know it Anything You can imagine how electric cars work, they work on the same battery. You will be right! That battery works like a gas tank in a normal car, storing it in reserve as long as it needs electricity. They even fill up like a fuel tank – the main difference is that you are plugging the car into the EV charging station, not the fuel pump. Sounds easy, doesn’t it?

The good news is that pinning your EV is easy! But one thing for many people Do not Note that there are different types of car plugs and different types of chargers. Each has different capabilities, costs, and charging speeds, and that’s where some confusion can get into the conversation.

As always, we are here to clean things up for you – starting with the chargers.

EV Charging Stages

Image courtesy of GM

Step 1 is basically a 3-prong output, just like your phone charger plugged in. They work the same way, basically giving your electric car battery a slower flow of power to replace driving a few miles. You usually get a charge of 2-4 miles per hour, and most of the time it does not increase your monthly electricity bill significantly, making it a very cost-effective charging solution.

Stage 2 charging stations use 208 or 240 volts of electricity – just like plugging in your large dryer. These are up to you to refill your vehicle. 10 times Faster than Level 1 station. If you are driving more than a few miles a day and you want to know that you have started a “full tank” every day, starting with filling the house, then installing the next level 2 charger in your garage is the next step and you can. Expect up to 200 miles by 8 hours, overnight payment.

Since Level 2 power is usually available at most businesses, many businesses that want to include EV charging stations in their parking lot will deploy Level 2 charging stations. Check in with your local utility for discounts and incentives to help you reduce costs even if you are entering Step 2 in your home or business.

Step 3 DC Fast Charging

DC fast chargers are typically considered “Level 3” and have faster charging speeds than Level 1 or Level 2 AC chargers. With enough juice, a fast DC charger can charge almost 80% of an electric car battery in just 20 minutes… but it’s a good time to say that not all “Level 3” batteries are created. It is the same.

“Level 3” is a general term that has already been clarified. As technology advances, however, it is likely to increase from 25 kW to 300 kW (!?).

This is why some electric car owners use applications such as Chargeway 3 to “Divide” into levels – 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 – to highlight that difference. At a local (well, local to Chicago, anyway) “Stage 3” station in Chargeway, it takes about three and a half hours to drive from 10% to 90% of the fare in a 2021 Ford Mustang Match E ኪና.

Chargeway Screen Cap, Level 3 Charger

Screenshot from the Chargeway app.

In another domestic charger, “Step 6” – the time is greatly reduced to use the charging system. You can get the same payment in less than 40 minutes (below) instead of the 2015 minutes (quick bill). That’s a lunch stop or grocery store run, and knowing in advance what to expect when you reach a fast charger can make a big difference in your experience.

Chargeway Screen Cap, Level 6 Charger - Mustang Mach-E GT

Screenshot from the Chargeway app.

The National Automobile Dealers Association recently partnered with Chargeway to train electric car dealers to use this intuitive “Level 1-7” power system…, we move on to the next.

Different types of EV Plugs

CHAdeMO It was the first DC fast charging system on the market, and it helped early e-mobility developers reduce remote stress. Cars with CHAdeMO plugs can charge up to 80% of the battery in 60 minutes at a speed of approximately 2 miles per minute.

Mitsubishi Outlander CHAdeMO

Image by CleanTechnica.

Today, the Nissan LEAF and Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV (pictured above) are the most common CHAdeMO vehicles, but in fact they They are converting to a standard J1772 with their next electric car. There are still hundreds of thousands of used EVs on the market that use this standard, so it is important to know about it.

Most “modern” electric vehicles (the most popular are cars built by Tesla) J. 1772, And the J1772 plug can charge your car using the type of charger you use, 120, 208 or 240 volts. These are the “Level 1” and “Level 2” we talked about earlier, and they are the most common types of chargers you will find.

For faster charging, those same cars use the SAE Standard Combined Charging System, or CCS. Built by the Automotive Engineers (SAE, natch) community, this is the most widely used fast charging standard worldwide, and works with most fast chargers – not exactly, at the moment, the Tesla Supercharger Network, does not work.

Tesla Cars on Tesla Supercharger The network uses proprietary levels called “Level 3” in most networks, usually falling into “Level 6” or “Level 7” provided by Charwayway. Tesla drivers should use Tesla Superchargers’ national network alone to charge their vehicles, but should use adapters to charge other DC Express charging stations and CCS or CHAdeMO plugs and charging stations.

Tesla Supercharger in Florida, Zach Shahan / CleanTechnica.

Colors and numbers

We have already mentioned that the way the charger app displays information can have a significant impact on the expected waiting time when you are charging. Chargingway simplifies the process of finding charging stations for your car. Instead of showing a “general” charging map of all the chargers in your area, the charger will only show you the stations that work for your particular car, making it easier to “recharge” with less fuel.

Blue for CHAdeMO, green for J1772 / CCS, and red for Tesla.

Chargeway Colors - Number System Electric Car Charging

Image courtesy of Chargeway.

Higher numbers are equal to faster charging, so if you have a Chevy Bolt that green 4. Mustang Mach-E? That’s green, but it goes up to Level 6. New Tesla Model S? Red 7.

It is well-known, and it is a language that many traders have recently used. “With over N16,000+ Nada merchants representing all major automotive brands, chargingway approval creates a ‘standard dictionary’ of EV payment terms. “Green” plugs, ‘Level 6’ chargers, etc. make it easy for EV distributors and buyers to communicate regardless of brand.

With all that said, we hope we have clarified for you a better understanding of the various EV charges and chargers. If you would like to hear more about the EVs, you can follow Charwayway founder Matt Teske at the Electrifice Expo podcast. CleanTechnicaJoe Boras (Me!) Can be found on Apple Podcasts, Spotify, or wherever you find your podcasts.

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