A new study suggests that shortages in highway trust fund revenues due to electric cars and trucks could be eliminated by the electric tax, which has the same efficiency as federal fuel tax.
An analysis by the American Institute for Transport Research (ATR) on “Electric Vehicles and Infrastructure Fund” estimates that a battery-electric vehicle (BAV) is taxed at 2.1 cents per kilowatt hour. -Burning vehicles with existing gas and diesel taxes.
“This analysis shows how easy it is to compare all the major components of the fuel tax,” said Paul Henos, executive director of the Nevada Truck Association. Moving forward with an efficient consumer-based approach will help EV owners support the infrastructure they use on a daily basis.
As BEV production continues to grow, there is a shortage in the Highway Trust Fund (HTF) to pay for roads and bridges as consumers do not currently pay federal fuel taxes. “Forecasts suggest that US BEV ships will see a further decline in HTF revenue over the next decade,” he said. The team estimates that this will create more than $ 1 billion a year in the coming years.
However, cooperating with utilities on the BEVs’ electricity tax “represents an opportunity for the federal government to collect revenue based on highway use. Like gasoline and diesel tax revenue, that money will be re-used in the country’s infrastructure through HTF.
Some states are collecting highway taxes from BEVs using annual registration fees. Others, such as Oregon, are planning EV pilot projects using VMT tax. ATRI, in contrast to registration fees, suggests that VMT tax can be collected from EV drivers based on service, which includes the principle of “user-payment” for fuel tax. However, ATRI warns that VMT’s tax return could be too expensive for EVs.
A study released by ATRI earlier this year found that the Federal VMT program will spend more than $ 20 billion annually on administrative fees and $ 35 billion in revenue. “This is in stark contrast to the federal oil tax, which is estimated at less than $ 300 million and is valued at less than $ 70 million,” the group said.
ATRI will provide U.S. electrical equipment to AV in the coming years. Using a step-by-step approach, utilities measure, measure, and pay for transport electricity – first with electricity dissipated through public charging stations and residential smart chargers.
ATRI suggests stimuli unrelated to electricity tax, which should be corrected by technology or perhaps regulation:
- Regional restrictions and regional anxiety. EVs generally have less range than traditional vehicles, and drivers may be concerned that the BAV may not cover a certain distance between payments.
- Payment period. EV payment periods are longer than refueling a traditional vehicle.
- Electricity demand payments. On-demand payments are typically applied to business customers and are based on the high level of electricity used during billing. These costs can be high and can affect businesses that use energy during high demand.
U.S. lawmakers, for their part, say the HTF While there is currently a lack of support for raising taxes on fuel or electricity for transportation, the current bilateral infrastructure bill in Congress includes a report by an electric vehicle working group outlining obstacles and opportunities to increase adoption. America
The report includes recommendations on how governments can raise EV user fees to support highway infrastructure.
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