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Vehicle emissions are a major factor in increasing air pollution in Rwandan cities. To understand the evidence-based impact of air pollution on public health, the Rwandan government has introduced incentives to promote electric vehicles in all types of vehicles. While Electric motorcycles, Cars, Bicycles, And in fact Trucks Kigali, the capital of Rwanda, is crowded, and the cost of large minibuses and buses remains unclear. Buses are the ultimate means of achieving e-mobility goals set by the Rwandan government to ensure safe and environmentally friendly transportation for goods and people.

Transportation in Rwanda is largely based on ISA vehicles. Negative environmental influences, emissions that are dangerous to health in the form of air pollution Greenhouse gases that accelerate climate change, noise pollution and more. Combined with measures such as specialized bus lines, intelligent transportation systems (ITS) and motorized transport (NMT), large-scale adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) is considered an effective way to reduce the carbon footprint. In particular, the city of Kigali has made significant efforts to promote green development and innovation by reducing fossil dependence in the transport sector. These initiatives have the potential to be replicated in fast-growing secondary cities in Rwanda.

The Rwandan government has made the transition to e-mobility a priority in reducing air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions and improving the safety of its citizens, contributing to the achievement of national and international goals. Transportation accounts for 13% of Rwanda’s GHG. Of Rwanda Updated NDC Report $ 900 million is needed for electric vehicles and related charging infrastructure. Regarding buses, bMoving more people to public transportation, cities can reduce traffic congestion, air pollution and GHG emissions. Public transport electrification increases the likelihood of reducing the negative impact of transportation on the environment and public health outcomes.

In recognition of these benefits, the Government of Rwanda has set major goals and a comprehensive Incentives Aiming to overcome obstacles to the transition to electric vehicles in Rwanda. These targets include a 20% minibus / bus fleet transition Electric vehicles by 2030. Challenges that prevent operators from using electric buses are initial cost, availability, and access to adequate charging infrastructure, as well as a lack of awareness about the operation of electric vehicles.

One of the most important incentives for bus operators is for the Rwandan government to lower electricity tariffs for stations to industry tariffs. Electric vehicles, batteries and chargers are exempt from external and excise duty. With budget incentives, bus operators and electric utility companies have been allowed to set up rent-free government land stations. Companies that manufacture and assemble electric vehicles (battery electric vehicles, plugs) In Rwanda, hybrid vehicles and hybrids have been given other incentives. Investment codes such as 15% Enterprise Income Tax (CIT) and Tax Credit (whatever) Investment cost).

While the cost of purchasing e-buses is a major obstacle for bus operators, the savings from reduced operation and maintenance are significant and are supported by current incentives. In addition, buses account for only 0.74% of the total number of vehicles, but contribute to 39.1% of GHG emissions in the Rwandan transport sector.

The benefits of switching to electric buses are very clear when considering the total cost of ownership (TCO), which compares not only the initial costs of purchasing the assets but also the cost-effectiveness of the business. Common habits of using buses with diesel or gasoline. In addition, the current incentive has reduced the price between electric and diesel buses by three full years, which means that operators will have the same TCO for electric buses as for diesel buses. Three years Operation (as opposed to six).

TCO analysis for electric buses. Image in Kigali.

TCO Analysis So it may help Fleet owners and operators to evaluate the economic feasibility of switching to electric buses and to provide the necessary support to support the decision to adopt electric minibuses and full-size buses. Bus operators can play a key role in integrating TCO into shipwrecks by promoting and promoting smart and reliable public transport in Kigali and Rwanda’s second cities.


About the author:

YIZERE ANGE is a GGGI intern in Rwanda, where she works to support sustainable mobility applications, research and report on e-mobility, battery recharge and some related responsibilities.

YIZERE ANGE is an intern at GGGI Rwanda to support sustainable mobility implementation, research and report on e-mobility, battery recharge and other related responsibilities.

A.D. In 2019, after completing her undergraduate degree, she had the opportunity to pursue a professional internship at the Rwanda National Statistics Institute (NISR), where she worked as an engineer for monitoring and evaluation at Emihigo. And the quality of any engineering infrastructure in accordance with the District’s objectives.

In 2019, she had the opportunity to attend a school in China, Hunan Province, Changshah City, Central South University, School of Traffic and Transportation Engineering. During her studies in Rwanda, she gained much-needed knowledge of transportation engineering and skills that she is proud of.

She graduated from Central South University (China) in July 2021 with a Masters Degree in Transport Engineering and a Bachelor of Science degree in Civil Engineering from the University of Rwanda College of Science and Technology in 2017/2018.

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