The first test to test the development of electric vehicles is the ever-increasing energy consumption, says energy expert King Quok Khan.
A.D. Between 2014 and 2020, an average of 5.14 million motorcycles and 255,000 cars were registered. He said transport energy consumption increased by 21.4 percent in 2014 and 4.9 percent in 2014-2019. last week.
Electric bicycles account for 34 percent of the total sales of all types of motorcycles, and by 3030 for 30 percent of the total, the energy demand in the transport sector is estimated at 4 billion kW. A.D. He said energy demand in the sector will increase to 17.6 billion kilowatts by 2050.
Vietnam now has some policies in the development of electric motorcycles and cars, and they are now more expensive than petrol-powered vehicles.
According to data from the Vietnam Automobile Manufacturers Association (VAMA), the net production cost of electric vehicles by 2020 is 45 percent higher than that of internal combustion engines. With the best and cheapest battery technology, the price of electric vehicles will fall by 2030, but it will be 9-10 percent higher than gasoline and diesel.
So far, electric vehicles have a 15 percent tariff and 35-50 percent for petrol and diesel.
In the first five years, the government proposed to reduce the excise tax by 5-12 percent for battery-powered electric cars.
However, experts say that excise tax reduction alone is not enough. According to VAMA Dao Kong Kuwait, the government must provide tax and payment incentives to stimulate demand for at least the first 10 years. And have policies to support the development of charging stations. He said these incentives could be gradually reduced when electric vehicles have a certain market share, and no special support policy may be needed after 2050.
“In the first phase (2021-2030), due to the lack of infrastructure in Vietnam, supporting policies should prioritize plug-in hybrid vehicles to ensure a smooth transition to battery-powered electric vehicles,” he said.
Fast charging station for electric cars in a mall in Hanoi. Photo by VnExpress
The plug is a hybrid electric vehicle, and the battery pack is charged by an on-board generator that can be recharged by connecting the charging cable to an external power source.
Inadequate infrastructure is also a major problem for electric vehicles, such as generators, chargers, batteries, and battery management.
According to electric expert Nguyen Duck Tuyen, in addition to the 200 domestic vintage charging stations, there is virtually no infrastructure for the development of electric vehicles in Vietnam.
“The development of the charging infrastructure is an integral part of the development of electric vehicles. Transformers can be overloaded to connect to fast charging stations, especially if there is no specific charging station connection to the grid infrastructure. The electrical system is unsafe,” Tuyen said.
Tuyen said the country’s renewable energy system is now projected to grow by more than 11 percent by 2030 to 30 percent and by 2045 to 42 percent, and the country should use this energy source to promote the development of electric vehicles. He said Vietnam could only achieve low greenhouse gas emissions if it focused on developing renewable energy sources and providing clean energy for electric vehicles and chargers.
According to Tran Quang Ha, Deputy Director of the Science and Technology Department of the Ministry of Transport, the ministry will develop battery measurements for electric vehicles next year. “We are trying to perfect quality control … and we will have a roadmap to switch to battery-powered electric vehicles to make the appropriate tax and payment policy,” he said.