Syracuse, New York (WRVO) – As the United States pushes to achieve its zero-emission goal by 2050, New York is paving the way for the country’s sustainable development efforts. This month alone, Governor Kathy Hohlul has promised not to sell fossil fuels by 2035 and to large trucks by 2045.

So what impact will this have on New York residents?

Electric car chargers will be unveiled at the Rev Car Charging Center in Brooklyn, New York, Tuesday, June 29, 2021. (AP Photo / Wenner Wenig)

“Transportation represents the largest greenhouse gas emissions in New York State,” said Connor Bambrik, director of climate advocacy for New York environmentalists.

He said internal combustion vehicles not only produce high levels of carbon dioxide but also negatively affect health.

“Gasoline and diesel vehicles are responsible for the harmful effects of smoke and toxins on children and people suffering from chronic diseases,” he said.

Charles Driscol, a professor of environmental systems and civics and environmental engineering at the University of Syracuse, points out that there are many harmful effects on the production of small particles from cars.

“So there are things that cause respiratory problems and small things that contribute to heart attack and hospitalization, asthma attacks and so on,” said Driscol.

However, this transition does not happen immediately. The average lifespan of a car is about 12 years. So, if someone buys a gasoline car in 2034, it could still be on the road for more than a decade.

Not to mention that manufacturers still have to develop alternative methods to generate electricity for vehicles. Wayne Grove, a professor of economics at Lemon College, says oil is still used in this regard.

“At first glance, I think there might be a reasonable amount of fuel for electricity, but it will no longer be used in cars,” says Grove.

He, along with other economists, is curious about the implications of this change for the state’s economy and the labor market.

The biggest change in the automotive sector, he hopes, is the transition from the oil and gas industry to renewable energy.

“Of course, there will be a lot of new jobs in terms of electricity,” Grove said.

However, that is a completely different set of skills required for those new jobs. David Pop, a professor of environmental economics at the University of Syracuse, said such a transition was a big step forward.

“It’s a big shift in terms of the kind of work that needs to be done in that sector,” says Pop.

Pop said one major source of work would be efforts to provide infrastructure to support electric cars.

“There has to be a huge investment in infrastructure, filling stations and so on,” Pop said. And so it is possible that displaced people can go to work and things like that are really useful.

Charging stations are also a hot topic in the discussion of renewable cars. Unlike large urban areas, drivers in northern New York generally travel longer distances. While gas stations are being switched to refueling, full-capacity cars don’t go as far as full fuel tanks, so long distances can be a challenge, he said.

Imagine what it would be like to use electric transportation in New York City, where there are not many infrastructure, people are driving for a long time.

Bambrik adds that some domestic charging conditions can be difficult.

“There are also challenges for apartment buildings, multi-family buildings – you need to know how and what charging solutions are,” Bambrick said.

Grove wonders if the government will launch another “cash” campaign to stimulate the transition to electric cars.

Because if that doesn’t happen, it’s going to be sold to other countries around the world. And they will continue to let go of all that, ”Grove said.

Although 2035 may seem far-fetched, many experts, such as Driscol, say that change will not come soon.

“There is an urgent need to move,” says Driscol. And it’s good to see New York State facing this.