The Globe and Mail

With more than 9,600 U.S. EV owners, Jedi Power surveyed people in less than 370 km.

Sean Kilpatrick / Canadian Press

When he arrived in the region, electric cars traveled a long way.

A.D. The first Nissan leaf to enter Canada in 2011 boasted an area of ​​117 km. Ten years later, the online 2021 Leaf S Plus will be available in the 363 km range. With many EVs reaching at least 400 km, that is today at the lower end of the EV range.

Prestige Evis promises to take you farther by a single charge – 652km on the 114,000 Tesla Model S Ply or 832km on the upcoming $ 165,000 Lucid Air Grand Tour.

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So when so many new models hit the market, how much territory do buyers want? Will 800 km be the new 400 km in the next three or four years? Probably not, experts say.

For mainstream vehicles, we probably see things in the range of 250 to 300 miles [400 to 480 km], ”Said Chris Harto, senior policy analyst at Transport and Energy, with consumer reports.

Brent Grubber, executive director of Global Automotive for JD Power, said that in some basic model EVs, we can see shorter regions in order to better match prices with gas competitors.

But consumer reports say Harto is not in high demand for short-range EVs.

“Most short-range EVs have fallen off the market,” Harto said. “There may be a cabin for 150 miles [241 km], But they have been made into a second car for teenagers or a car for work and work. But if it is the main vehicle of a family, that short range can be challenging. ”

“But we will continue to see high-profile, high-profile EVs,” Harto said.

“At that time, they were talking about luxury,” says Harto. So that’s an extra 100 miles [160 km] Range is available, but it costs more to drive.

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More territory means less time filling. But this convenience comes at a price, especially for expensive cars.

For example, a 406-mile (653-mile) base costs less than $ 70,000 ($ 8,800) for Lucid Air – more than half of the 179-kilometer Grand Tour.

One of the cheapest cars, the $ 44,000 Nissan Leaf SV has a range of 240 km. You can get an extra 120 km for less than $ 3,000.

In the region?

How much territory do buyers want?

According to a survey of 9,600 U.S. EV owners by Jedi Power, people are less than 370 miles[370 km]away, says Grubber.

For battery satisfaction, cars with a range of less than 370 km received an average of 493 out of 1,000. Satisfaction rate on cars over the 370 km range jumped to 682.

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“Surprisingly, when the battery range increases by more than 370 km, the satisfaction does not increase,” Grubber said. “There is a declining return – well enough.”

How much territory do most of us really need?

The average Canadian travels 30 or 40 km per day. Nowadays, most people who buy EVs can charge them at home, Harto said. That means most of us can get by filling out EVs once or more a week. Or we can take them in every night or two to fill them out.

“A lot of people get that [400 to 480 km] State is sufficient, ”Harto said. “Then, the question is whether there is infrastructure and what are the charging fees.

One advantage of many regions is that you can travel long distances with fewer stops. That was especially important when the chargers were few and far between. But we are seeing a lot of public DC fast chargers that get most EVs from zero to 80 percent in 30 to 45 minutes.

Depending on where you are in Canada, that means you do not have to worry about stumbling with a dead battery or sitting on a secondary charger for hours.

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For example, in British Columbia and Quebec there is a fast enough charger that you can turn off quickly when you need it.

Want speed?

“Most of us think we need more territory than we normally use,” Harto said.

Because most of us do not travel that far. A typical driver is plugged into a charger four to six times a year, says Harto.

“As long as there is a place to pay at home, this is the number of hours it takes to fill up quickly in a year,” says Harto. “Therefore, if you buy anything more, [480 km] In the region, in my opinion they do not buy much more comfort. ”

It can save you up to 20 minutes in an extra 100 km on a long trip. But for most people, that extra $ 5,000 or more is worthless, says Harto.

There will be some buyers who are willing to buy 400 to 500 miles [644- to 804-km] They should never stop. ” But I do not know how they would go on such a journey without one or the other.

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While the region is still important to buyers, they expect car charging speeds to become more and more important, Harto said.

No matter how fast the charger is, EVs charge because of their high speed. There are currently 350 kilowatts of fast chargers, but there are still no EVs that can charge that fast.

“Right now, 150 kW is getting more and more and we are seeing a lot of cars up to 200 kW or 250 kW,” Harto said. I’m sure we will see 300 kilowatts of cars in two years.

With a 300 kW charger, a car can charge from zero to 80 percent in 15 to 20 minutes – compared to 30 to 40 minutes to get that same charge at 150 kW. That’s if the car can control its speed.

“These minutes are important to people,” Harto said. If you travel long distances, then you have a vehicle [480 km] It may be more comfortable than a vehicle with a fast charging range [640 km] Slowly charged territory. ”

But regional and charging speeds alone do not sell EVs, says JD Power Group.

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“The industry’s standard brands, such as quality and design, remain critical to the sale of vehicles,” says Grubber.

While manufacturers offer more and more EVs, it remains to be seen who will build the most compelling vehicles, Harto said.

“The same thing applies to EVs,” says Harto. “What does it look like? How do I feel? How does it fit in with my family? ”

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